NAN Police Services Agreement
The Nishnawbe-Aski Police Services Agreement is an "agreement in principle" negotiated between the Government of Canada; the Government of Ontario and the Nishnawbe-Aski Nation. This Agreement was preceded by twelve months of intensive negotiations which were chaired and facilitated by the Indian Commission of Ontario. The Agreement was ratified by the Nishnawbe-Aski Chiefs in December 1993 and signed by the negotiating parties on January 14, 1994.
This Agreement was negotiated within the framework of a Memorandum of Understanding dated February 24, 1986 and December 01, 1989 which was further particularized by a Memorandum of Intent dated June 21, 1990. These documents were signed by the parties in good faith with the express purpose of concluding a negotiated agreement for the establishment of a NAN police service.
The primary goal behind the Agreement is the establishment of an aboriginal police service which is to provide effective, efficient and culturally appropriate policing to the people in the Nishnawbe-Aski area.
Phase one of the Agreement ran for a period of four years commencing April 01, 1994 in an area identified in the Agreement as Division "A". All existing First Nation Constable positions plus additional positions, were transferred to the NAN Police Service for a total of thirty-three.
Phase Two commenced January 1, 1998 and the eight First Nations of Wahgoshig, Matachewan, Mattagami, Brunswick House, Chapleau Ojibway, Chapleau Cree, Constance Lake and Aroland were tranferred to Division "A", Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service.
On June 1, 1998, the Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service assumed policing from the former Northwest Patrol Unit, administered by the Onatario Provincal Police, except for the First Nations of Big Trout Lake, Weagamow, Muskrat Dam and Pikangikum. An Operational Transition Committee was struct to implement the orderly transfer of administrative and operational matters between the Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service and the Ontario Provincial Police. On April 1, 1999 the transition was completed.
The Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service is governed by its own Police Services Board consisting of a representative of each Nishanawbe-Aski Nation Tribal Council.
An independent Nishnawbe-Aski Nations Review Board has been created for the purpose of ensuring police accountability to the public.
The Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service Agreement is the most autonomous policing agreement in Canada. It's jurisdictional area encompasses almost two-thirds of the Province of Ontario, from the Manitoba to Quebec borders.
B. Wesley Luloff, Chief of Police